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Daniel Smith Pigment Chart

Daniel Smith Pigment Chart - An Examination of the Properties and Characteristics of Pigment Used to Manufacture Daniel Smith Artist Paints

Pigment

BLACKS


Bone Black
(Organic) Amorphous carbon from charred animal bones; brownish tinge.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Very slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Carbon Black
(Organic) Amorphous carbon from soot of pertroleum or natural gas.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Very slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Very High

Frankfurt Black
(Organic) Amorphous carbon from charred vegetable matter.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Very slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Graphite
(Organic) Crystalline form of carbon with a metallic luster.

  • Tinting strength: Not rated
  • Opacity/transparency: Not rated
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Not rated
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Low

Lamp Black
(Organic) Amorphous carbon from condensed smoke of petroleum products; velvety black.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Very slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Very high

Mars Black
(Inorganic) Artificially produced from ferro-ferric oxide; deep brown-black appearance; yields warmer grays than other blacks when mixed with white.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average

Vine Black
(Organic) Amorphous carbon from charred vegetable matter; bluish tinge.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Very slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High
  • Blacks - Blues - Browns - Greens - Reds -Violets - Yellows - Whites
  • Daniel Smith Extenders and Miscellaneous Pigments

 


BLUES


Cerulean Blue
(Inorganic) Oxides of cobalt and tin.

  • Tinting strength: Low
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Cobalt Blue
(Inorganic) Oxides of coblat and aluminum.

  • Tinting strength: Low
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Cobalt Teal Blue
(Inorganic) Oxides of cobalt, nickel and titanium.

  • Tinting strength: Low
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average

Cobalt Turquoise
(Inorganic) Mixed metallic oxide.

  • Tinting strength: Low
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

French Ultramarine
(Inorganic) Silicate of sodium, aluminum, sulfur; originally made from lapis lazuli.

  • Tinting strength: Low
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Indanthrone Blue
(Inorganic) Indanthrone blue, a bright reddish blue pugment with excellenbt all-around fastness properties including high durability.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Phthalo Blue (Phthalocyanine Blue)
(Organic) Copper phthalocyanine, a deep, intense greenish blue.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Fast
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Very High

Prussian Blue
(Inorganic) Ferric ferrocyanide; darkens in light and fades in white mixtures, depending on grade.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Good
  • Drying rate: Fast
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Ultramarine Blue
(Inorganic) Silcate of sodium, aluminum, sulfur; originally made from lapis lazuli.

  • Tinting strength: Low
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average

 


BROWNS


Buff Titanium Dioxide
(Inorganic) Titanium dioxide with iron impurity.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average

Burnt Sienna
(Inorganic) Iron oxide made from clacined natural earth, raw sienna.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Fast
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Burnt Umber
(Inorganic) Iron oxide made from calcined raw umber.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Fast
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Raw Sienna
(Inorganic) Natural earth (oxides of iron and aluminum, hydrous silicates).

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Fast
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Raw Umber
(Inorganic) Iron oxide made from clacined natural earth, raw sienna.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Fast
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Quinacridone Burnt Orange
(Organic) Quinacridone quinone, deep gold hue; high transparency.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Quinacridone Gold (GS)
(Organic) Quinacridone quinone, gold hue; high transparency.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High


GREENS


Chromium Green Oxide (Chrome Oxide Opaque)
(Inorganic) Anhydrous chromic oxide.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Low

Cobalt Green
(Inorganic) Oxides of cobalt and zinc.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Fast
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Low

Phthalo Green (Phthalocyanine Green)
(Organic) Chlorinated copper phthalocyanine; yields very intense, bright yellow greens.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Viridian (Transparent Oxide of Chromium)
(Inorganic) Hydrous chromic oxide.

  • Tinting strength: Low
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Very high


REDS


Alizarin Crimson (Alizarin Lake, Scarlet Madder)
(Organic) Pigment from synthetic alizarin dye struck on a base of alumina hydrate; bluish-purple tone when mixed with white; permanence dependent on quality of grade produced; good glazing pigment.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Good to poor
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Anthraquinoid Red
(Organic) A bright mid-shade with good all-around fastness properties, including high transparency.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Cadmium Red (C.P.)
(Inorganic) Cadmium sulfoselenide.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate to high
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average to low

Cadmium Red (lithopone)
(Inorganic) Cadmium barium sulfoselenide.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average to low

Indian Red (Mars Red)
(Inorganic) Synthetic red iron oxide.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average

Napthol Red
(Organic) Azo pigment.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Good to poor
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average to high

Permanent Red
(Organic) Napthol carbamide F3RK-70; bright, strong red.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate to high
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Quinacridone Coral
(Organic) Quinacridone; high transparency.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate to high
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Quinacridone Magenta
(Organic) Quinacridone red yellow hue; high transparency.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate to high
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Quinacridone Red
(Organic) Quinacridone; color produced in early 1960s with excellent durability and lightfastness.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High


VIOLETS


Cobalt Violet
(Inorganic) Cobalt phosphate.

  • Tinting strength: Low to moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Fast
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Low

Manganese Violet
(Inorganic) Manganese ammonium phosphate.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Fast
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Very high

Mars Violet
(Inorganic) Synthetic red iron oxide with a bluish tinge.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average

Quinacridone Violet
(Organic) Quinacridone.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High to average



YELLOWS


Cadmium Yellow (C.P)
(Inorganic) Cadmium barium sulfide.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate to high
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average to low

Cadmium Yellow (lithopone)
(Inorganic) Cadmium barium sulfide.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average to low

Cadmium Orange (C.P)
(Inorganic) Cadmium sulfide.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average to low

Cadmium Orange (lithopone)
(Inorganic) Cadmium barium sulfide.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Average to low

Diarylide Yellow
(Organic) Diazo pigment, benzedine yellow.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Poor
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Hansa Yellow
(Organic) Monoazo; bright and transparent.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Good
  • Drying rate: Average
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Quinacridone Gold
(Organic) Quinacridone; excellent for glazing.

  • Tinting strength: High
  • Opacity/transparency: Transparent
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): High

Yellow Ochre
(Inorganic) Natural hydrous iron oxide with mineral impurities.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Excellent
  • Lightfastness (tint): Excellent
  • Drying rate: Slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Low to average



WHITES


Titanium White
(Inorganic) Titanium dioxide; leaves a soft, crumbly paint film in oil.

  • Tinting strength: Moderate
  • Opacity/transparency: Opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Very slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Low

Zinc White (Chinese White, Zinc Oxide)
(Inorganic) Zinc oxide; leaves a hard, brittle paint film in oil.

  • Tinting strength: Poor
  • Opacity/transparency: Moderately opaque
  • Lightfastness (masstone): Very good
  • Lightfastness (tint): Very good
  • Drying rate: Very slow
  • Oil absorption (by volume): Low

Daniel Smith Extenders and Miscellaneous Pigments.


Extenders and other miscellaneous pigments are used as fillers and modifiers in the making of paints, inks, pastels and grounds.

Alumina Hydrate: (aluminum hydroxide, artificial) An inert pigment used in making lakes and in heavy oil paints to improve brushability.
Aluminum Stearate: A metallic soap used as a thickener and stabilizer in paints and varnishes.
Barytes: (barium sulfate ground) A heavy white powder, inert, with no color powder, almost transparent in oils.
Blanc Fixe: (barium sulfate ground) Used as a base for opaque lakes, as a ground for scratchboard or as a white in watercolor or fresco painting.
China Clay: (hydrated aluminum silicate) An inert pigment used in pastels.
French Chalk (Talc): Used to dust the image area, prior to etching, in lithography. Ours is absestos free.
Magnesium Carbonate: A very white, inert pigment used to add body to ink.
Marble Dust: (natural calcium or magnesium carbonate) A mortar in mural or fresco painting.
Preciptated Chalk: (calcium carbonate, synthetic) White pigment used in glue, aqueous mediums and in pastels.
Terra Alba: (gypsum, calcium sulfate, natural) A very white, inert pigment used in painting grounds.


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