Audubon's Aviary returns to these original paintings and tells the story behind this monumental classic with new discoveries about this American icon, as well as fresh insights and engaging quotes from his own compelling writings. These powerful images--all newly photographed using state-of-the-art techniques--reveal a virtuoso talent struggling with and brilliantly overcoming challenges posed in the representation of the natural world. To that end Audubon experimented with novel techniques in modeling, collaging, and mixing media. In comparison with the later prints, these fresh watercolors possess a startling immediacy, vibrancy, and fluidity. They illuminate Audubon's genius, which linked natural history, art, and a respect for the environment. This volume reproduces for the first time all 474 Audubon avian watercolors in the collection of the New-York Historical Society.